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Territorial Temples
Kayangan tigaThese types of temples are those built as territorial unity, functioned as places of worship for a group of people bound by one territory in a community, called customary village.
Customary village typically has 3 sets of temples called Kahyangan Tiga temples or Kahyangan Desa Temples to worship Trimurthi, they are:
Pura Puseh (temple of origin), for honoring the ancestral deities who were the founders of the village. Tend to be located towards the kaja (upstream) end of villages, are associated with the God Wisnu, and are dedicated to remembering the founders of villages. Dewa Wisnu is also known as “the sustainer of life or preserver” because he has the ability to incarnate as an avatar (God-Man), move freely between the heaven of the Gods and the Earth of humans, and he often appears to save the world by realigning it to the divine.
Pura Desa (village temple), for honoring the deities who guard the welfare of the village. Tends to be located in the middle of villages, are associated with the God Brahma, and are places where community councils meet to pray and govern. Dewa Brahma is also known as “the creator” because he is a reflection of the creative consciousness upon which both artistic creativity (which is very an important part of Balinese villages) and creation itself is founded.
Pura Dalem, the temple for honoring the cremated dead who have not yet been fully purified into deities. This Temple tend to be located towards the kelod (downstream) end of villages, are associated with the God Siwa, and have graveyards. Dewa Siwa is also known as “the destroyer/dissolver” because his spiritual function is to destroy negativity in the world. Dewa Siwa prepares dead people for reincarnation by judging whether or not a person’s karma (actions) has been bad or good. Dewa Siwa destroys negativity by punishing people that have.
Functional Temples
Functional Temples have special characteristic of which the people (the caretaker of the temple) are those who have the same profession for their living such as; farmer, trader and fisherman. Examples of Functional Temples are as follows;
In Bali farming is one of main jobs to earn a living both for rice field and farm. Having bound temple called Subak Temple or Ulun Empelan Temple, Ulun Danu Temple, Ulun Suwi Temple, Bedugul Temple, Alasangker Temple, Alas Harum temple and etc.
For Balinese people who have profession as trader in the community, they have bound temple called Melanting Temple that is commonly built at the market where sale and purchase transaction happens.
For those whose jobs are fishermen, the bound temple is called Segara Temple, which is commonly built at the beach side where fishermen make the sea and beach as the place to make a living.
Family Temple
Family templeThis temple has characteristic determined by Ancestor bound based on birth Line or generation, for example, a set of shires that is called Dadya Temple, is used by a group of people who come from the same ancestors therefore in Balinese community there is the term “Tunggalan Dadya.” Temples are the meetings points of humans and gods. There are temples for almost all aspects of Balinese life, including those for ancestors, rice fields, and the village.
Bali has more temples than houses, as every house shrine is a fully fledged temple. Add to these the myriad temple – founding deities, to lord Siwa, to Lake Batur and too many, many others and it becomes clear why Bali is called “Island Of Gods” Typically every major temple is divided into court yards separated by beautifully carved gates.
Usually the temple has three courtyards:
First courtyard is Jaba (outer courtyard) Ceremonies to appease the evil spirits. At the first courtyard is the Wantilan pavilion where the cockfighting is usually going on.
2. Second courtyard is Jaba Tengah (middle courtyard) often includes a Gambelan pavilion and the priest’s meeting pavilions.
3. The third courtyard is Jeroan (the holiest part of the temple) where most of the shrine takes place.


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